AskDefine | Define ate

Dictionary Definition

eat

Verb

1 take in solid food; "She was eating a banana"; "What did you eat for dinner last night?"
2 eat a meal; take a meal; "We did not eat until 10 P.M. because there were so many phone calls"; "I didn't eat yet, so I gladly accept your invitation"
3 take in food; used of animals only; "This dog doesn't eat certain kinds of meat"; "What do whales eat?" [syn: feed]
4 use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week" [syn: consume, eat up, use up, deplete, exhaust, run through, wipe out]
5 worry or cause anxiety in a persistent way; "What's eating you?" [syn: eat on]
6 cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink" [syn: corrode, rust] [also: eaten, ate]Ate n : goddess of criminal rashness and its punishmentate See eat

User Contributed Dictionary

English

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Verb

ate

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Basque

Noun

ate

Maori

Etymology

Common Oceanian, compare Indonesian hati

Noun

ate

Lithuanian

1. goodbye (informal)

Extensive Definition

Ate, (in Greek ατή) a Greek word for 'ruin, folly, delusion', is the action performed by the hero, usually because of his/her hubris, or great pride, that leads to his/her death or downfall. There is also a goddess by that name (Até) in Greek mythology, a personification of the same.
In Homer's Iliad (Book 19) she is called eldest daughter of Zeus with no mother mentioned. On Hera's instigation she used her influence over Zeus so that he swore an oath that on that day a mortal descended from him would be born who would be a great ruler. Hera immediately arranged to delay the birth of Heracles and to bring forth Eurystheus prematurely. In anger Zeus threw Ate down to earth forever, forbidding that she ever return to heaven or to Mt. Olympus. Ate then wandered about, treading on the heads of men rather than on the earth, wreaking havoc on mortals.
The Litae ('Prayers') follow after her but Ate is fast and far outruns them.
Apollodorus (3.143) claims that when thrown down by Zeus, Ate landed on a peak in Phrygia called by her name. There Ilus later, following a cow, founded the city of Ilion, that is Troy. This splendid flourish is chronologically at odds with Homer's dating of Ate's fall.
In Hesiod's Theogony (l. 230) the mother of Ate is Eris ('Strife'), with no father mentioned.
In Nonnos' Dionysiaca (11.113), at Hera's instigation Ate persuades the boy Ampelus whom Dionysus passionately loves to impress Dionysus by riding on a bull from which Ampelus subsequently falls and breaks his neck.
In the play Julius Caesar, Shakespeare introduces the goddess Ate as an invocation of vengeance and menace. Mark Antony, lamenting Caesar's murder, envisions "And Caesar's spirit, ranging for revenge, With Ate' by his side come hot from Hell, Shall in these confines with a monarch's voice Cry "Havoc!" and let slip the dogs of war, ..."

See also

ate in Breton: Ate
ate in Czech: Áté
ate in German: Ate (Mythologie)
ate in Spanish: Ate (mitología)
ate in French: Até
ate in Korean: 아테
ate in Icelandic: Ate
ate in Italian: Ate
ate in Lithuanian: Atė
ate in Hungarian: Até
ate in Polish: Ate
ate in Portuguese: Até
ate in Romanian: Ate
ate in Russian: Ата
ate in Slovenian: Ate
ate in Finnish: Ate
ate in Swedish: Ate
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